Katie Farmer, incoming CEO of BNSF Railway, instructed CNBC on Friday that her business has clearly been impacted economically by the coronavirus pandemic, however there’s optimism on the horizon.

“We now have seen the economic system begin to decide up relative to rail loadings,” Farmer instructed “Squawk Box.”

Whereas BNSF, owned by Warren Buffett-led Berkshire Hathaway, anticipates a rebound, Farmer famous this 12 months has been totally different from the previous.

“We principally say that if we’re dealing with 200,000 items per week, that signifies we’re a busy railroad,” she defined. “In 2018, we dealt with over 200,000 items per week, 41 occasions that 12 months. Quick ahead to 2020 and with the influence of the pandemic, we’ve not hit 200,000 items on our railroads but.”

“Within the depth of the pandemic, our rail loadings had been really down to about 150,000 items per week. Now, now we have seen that proceed to return again. And we anticipate this week we’ll deal with someplace within the neighborhood of mid 195,000-196,000 vary,” she added.

Farmer, 50, will assume the CEO role on Jan. 1. She’ll turn out to be the primary feminine CEO to move up a significant railroad. She’s been with BNSF for 28 years, beginning as an intern and happening to carry a wide range of positions in advertising, finance, and most not too long ago as government vp of operations. 

She is going to take the helm at a time when the business has seen a marked influence from the pandemic, with a lot of the longer term wanting unsure. She stated the vast majority of sectors the railroad handles is a “combined bag.”

BNSF has 4 major enterprise sectors: In 2019, the corporate’s income was made up of 35% shopper merchandise, 27% industrial merchandise, 21% agricultural merchandise and 17% coal. Given the traits accelerated and decelerated by this pandemic, Farmer famous that the efficiency per sector has been lopsided, with shopper merchandise shipments, primarily geared in direction of retailers, rebounding higher than others.

“We positively have seen our shopper merchandise enterprise improve quickly over the previous few weeks,” Farmer famous. “When getting ready for a vacation season, we see what we name peak volumes, usually in a September-October timeframe. We even have seen peak stage quantity relative to home intermodal occurring in an August-September time-frame, which we expect is a good factor.”

Farmer additionally famous that BNSF’s agricultural merchandise enterprise was the least impacted by the pandemic. “Individuals must proceed to eat,” she stated. “We anticipate to see fourth quarter there as effectively.”

Nevertheless, different enterprise sectors have reacted in another way because the pandemic impacted numerous areas of the economic system, she added. “I do not suppose we will see peak volumes when it pertains to the remainder of our enterprise.”

Industrial merchandise, for instance, which Farmer described as a “market basket of commercial commodities,” is seeing a way more gradual restoration in areas associated to vitality, resembling fracking supplies and petroleum. However inside that sector, “we’re seeing something associated to development or housing — for us, that is lumber shipments — that’s rebounding properly,” she stated.

The corporate’s coal enterprise continues to be feeling the consequences of the pandemic, largely due to the place the sector was previous to this 12 months. “We noticed because the nation went into lockdown, electrical energy demand was decrease,” she defined. “We had a comparatively delicate winter. Along with the structural decline we had seen prematurely of the pandemic, our coal enterprise has actually been impacted.”

Farmer echoed the concept in occasions of financial downturn, the rail business can nonetheless be seen as a bellwether for the state of the restoration. “We’re actually carefully tied to the commercial and shopper markets,” she stated. “If you see occasions the place these markets are down, the railroad, our loadings, are a number one indicator for what you are going to see within the economic system.”

Correction: This story has been up to date to mirror that Katie Farmer stated: “We principally say that if we’re dealing with 200,000 items per week, that signifies we’re a busy railroad … In 2018, we dealt with over 200,000 items per week, 41 occasions that 12 months.”

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